Minggu, 30 Januari 2011

Istilah Linguistik 5

Abstract

The semantic feature of being without discernible physical attributes.
Adjective

A form class often marked in English by the ability to take the comparative and superlative suffixes; for example, long, longer, longest, and good, better, best are adjectives.
Adverb

A form class sometimes marked in English by the ability to take the –ly suffix; for example, wisely, usually, and heavily are adverbs.
Auxiliary verb

A verb that combines with another verb to form a verb phrase; for example, have in have gone or will in will go.
Aspect

The marking of a verb to indicate whether an action is beginning, completed, in progress, repeated, and so on; for example, Shirley is knitting a sweater is marked for progressive aspect.
Braces

{} In generative-transformational grammar a convention for showing that one, and only one, of the linier choices enclosed in the braces must be made in the rewriting of a particular constituent.
Case

An inflected form of a word which indicates the syntactic relationship of that word to another word in a grammatical construction.
Case Grammar

A theory of syntax and semantics which nouns in deep structure are said to be related to verb in cases such as agent, object, dative, instrumental, and so on.
Complement

A word or a group of words that follow a verb or verb phrase so as to complete a predicate; for example, happy in both John is happy and I made him happy.
Complex Sentence

A sentence containing one independent clause and one or more dependent clauses or embedded verbal.
Deep Structure

The abstract structure postulated as underlying a sentence, containing all the information necessary for both the syntactic and semantic interpretation of the sentence.

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