Senin, 31 Januari 2011

Istilah Linguistik 4

DICKY HIDAYAT SOEHAYANTO
PBI A/V
LINGUISTIC (Pertemuan IV)

Sounds
:
The sensation experienced through the sense of hearing.
Utterances
:
A spoken sentence a part of sentence.
Phonetic
:
The study of the production, transmission, and reception of speech sounds.
Hypothesize
:
Something not proved but assumed to be true for purposes of argument or further study or investigation.
Phone
:
A discriminable speech sounds.
Repetition
:
To state or tell again.
Voice
:
The quality produced by vibrating the vocal cords.
Minimal Pairs
:
Two utterances distinguished by a single contrast, as are pat and bat; it’s a battle and its bottle.
Constituent
:
One of the parts of a construction.
Consonant
:
A contrastive unit in the sound system of a language characterized in pronunciation by constriction of the airstream in the vocal tract; also a letter to symbolize such a sound.
Symbols
:
Something that stands for something else. A letter character or sign used instead of a word to represent a quantity, position, relationship, direction, or something to be done.
Cognate
:
A morpheme or word related to another morpheme or word by reason of descent from a common linguistic sources.
Contoid
:
A sound involving some kind of constriction in its production.
Vocoid
:
A sound lacking constriction in its production.
Nasal
:
Produced by release of air through the nose. The m, n, and ng (/n/) of Pam, Pan, and Pang are nasal consonant.
Initial Position
:
Occurring after a pause of some kind or at the beginning of a linguistic unit such as syllable, word, or utterance.
Cluster
:
A sequence of two or more consonants made without an intervening vowel, for example, the beginning of scream (/skr-/) and the end of glimpsed (/-mpst/).
Concrete
:
Having discernible physical attributes.
Dialect
:
The variety of language spoken in a particular area (regional dialect) or by a particular social group (social dialect).
Allophone
:
A positional variant of morpheme. The endings of cats, dogs, and churches all have the meaning “plural” but differ phonemically (/s/ - /z/ - /az/ ) and are therefore allomorphs of the “plural” morpheme.

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