Selasa, 01 Februari 2011

Istilah Linguistik 3

DICKY HIDAYAT SOEHAYANTO
PBI A/V
LINGUISTIC (Pertemuan III)

Phonetics
:
The study of the production, transmission, and reception of speech sounds.
Acoustic Phonetics
:
Attempt to describe the physical properties of the stream of sound that issues forth from the mouth of a speaker.
Spectrographs
:
The machines for record the sound.
Articulatory Phonetics
:
That speech is produced by some kind of sound making apparatus and that specific sounds may be related to specific movements of the apparatus that produce the sounds.
Phonetic Similarity
:
The sharing of at least one phonetic feature by two or more sounds, as [m] and [p] share feature “bilabial” and [g] and [t] the feature stop.
Larynx
:
The larynx is a bony boxlike structure in the front of throat which contains a valvelike opening consisting of two membranous tissues, the vocal cords.
Pharyngeal cavity
:
It can to produce complete stoppages in the airstream or partial stoppages resulting in local friction.
Uvula
:
The function to vibrate to produce a uvular r [R].
Lower Lip
:
Can be moved to meet the upper lip, as at the beginning of bin [b], or the upper teeth, as at the beginning of fat [f].
Tongue
:
The tongue is much more flexible in its uses than either the uvula or the lower lip.
Nasal
:
Produced by the release of air through the nose. The m, n, and ng (/n/) of Pam, Pan, and Pang are nasal consonants.
Nasality
:
A distinctive sound feature characterized by use of the nasal cavity in the articulation of speech sounds.
Nasalization
:
The release of air through the nasal cavity during the production of a sound.
Velum
:
The back of the roof of the mouth, the rear of the soft plate. The sounds at the beginnings of coal and goal are velar consonants; the sounds at the end of bring is a velar nasal.
Vocal
:
Realized in the sounds of speech.
Contoids
:
A sound involving some kind of constriction in its production.
Vocoid
:
A sound lacking constriction in its production.
Voice
:
The quality produced by vibrating the vocal cords.
Voiceless
:
Produced with no vibration of the vocal cords, as are the initial sounds in fan, pin, and thin.
Voiced
:
Produced with vibration of the vocal cords as are the initial sounds in van, bin, then, nose, and be.

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