Rabu, 03 November 2010

Components of reading

Reading begins in a kid's ears. When you talk to your kid, you are putting the sounds of the English language in to his brain. His brain is properly wired to learn to speak back to you. Over time his speaking vocabulary grows to thousands of words. The more you talk, sing, & read to your kid, the bigger his speaking vocabulary will become. Here is the surprise: kid's brains are not automatically wired for reading. Your kid needs your help to become a successful reader. Learning how to read begins when your kid's ears are prepared. There is several things you can do to get your kid's ears prepared. Teach him how to rhyme by playing rhyming games, or reading rhyming poems to him. Play various the other games introduced in this net site. His ears are prepared when they can rhyme & play the games successfully.

Teach your kid alphabet letter names & sounds. This is the beginning of phonics. Phonics is learning what letters & letter combinations "say." It is an essential part of learning how to read. Don't assume that your kid learned all the letter sounds in school. It is likely that they does not know the vowel sounds because they sound so similar. Other important phonic combinations are listed in the sidebar. When your kid learns letter sounds, teach her to "blend" them together to "sound out" new words. Knowledge of phonics will help her to read lots of words that follow phonic rules. The best way to incorporate phonics is to discover a short reading choice that has lots of "sh" words, for example, & read those words to him. Ask your kid to say some words beginning with the "sh" sound. Then teach him to read the short choice. Continue teaching phonics by finding other short reading selections, each highlighting of the letter combinations from the phonic list. notice that letters & letter combinations appear in different places in words. Vowels often occur in the midst of words. "Wh" occurs at the beginning of words & "Ch" appears at the beginning or finish of words.

Phonic skills must be put in to connected print in order to become useful. Connected print is short selections in magazines or books. books, both by Dr. Seuss, have wonderful selections to help a kid apply a phonic skill by reading connected print.

 . Hop on Pop, an simpler choice by Dr. Seuss (1963), has the following selections:
 * pages 3-5 short u "Up pup pup is up."
 * pages 22-24 short e "Red Red They call me Red."
 * pages 26-33 short a "Pat cat Pat sat on a cat." "Dad is doleful. , doleful."
 * pages 40-41 short o "We like to hop on top of Pop."
 * pages 56-57 short i "Will is up hill still."
 . Fish, Fish, Red Fish, Blue Fish, by Dr. Seuss (1960), has these selections:
 * pages 10-11, 18-19 short u "They run for fun in the hot, hot sun."
 * pages 26-27 ea words "Oh dear! I cannot listen to."
 * pages 30-31 oo words "He took a glance at the book on the hook."
 * pages 40-43 short i "It is fun to sing in case you sing with a Ying."
 * pages 48-49 short e "You seldom meta pet as wet as they let this wet pet get."

Best of all, using To, With, & By will improve your kid's fluency & comprehension. The objective of reading is comprehension. When your kid can sound out new words, has memorized a bunch of sight words, reads fluently & understands what they read, they has learned how to read!

You ought to help your kid read a used reading choice every other day. This is incorporating whole language methods of learning how to read. Using "To, With, & By" teach your kid how to read a couple of sentences or paragraph until it sounds great. The whole language method helps your kid learn to read "sight words." Sight words must be memorized because they don't follow phonic rules. (Half of all words in the English language are sight words.)

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