Sabtu, 06 November 2010

Language acquistion in education

Language acquisition is the method by which humans acquire the capacity to perceive, produce & use words to understand & communicate. This capacity involves the picking up of diverse capacities including syntax, phonetics, & an extensive vocabulary. This language might be vocal as with speech or manual as in sign. Language acquisition usually refers to first language acquisition, which studies infants' acquisition of their native language, than second language acquisition, which deals with acquisition (in both children & adults) of additional languages.

The capacity to acquire & use language is a key aspect that distinguishes humans from other organisms. While plenty of forms of animal communication exist, they have a limited range of nonsyntactically structured vocabulary tokens that lack cross cultural variation between groups.
A major concern in understanding language acquisition is how these capacities are picked up by children from what appears to be small input. A range of theories of language acquisition has been created in order to document this apparent issue including innatism in which a kid is born prepared in some manner with these capacities, as against the other theories in which language is fundamentally learned.

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