Sabtu, 06 November 2010

Phonology

It is viewed as the subfield of linguistics that deals with the sound systems of languages. Whereas phonetics is about the physical production, acoustic transmission & perception of the sounds of speech,[1][3] phonology describes the way sounds function within a given language or across languages to encode meaning. The term "phonology" was used in the linguistics of a greater part of the 20th century as a cover term uniting phonemics & phonetics. Current phonology can interface with disciplines such as psycholinguistics & speech perception, leading to specific areas like articulatory or laboratory phonology.

Phonology (from Ancient Greek: 
"voice, sound" & "word, speech, subject of discussion") is, broadly speaking, the subdiscipline of linguistics concerned with "the sounds of language".[1] That is, the systematic use of sound to encode meaning in any spoken human language, or the field of linguistics studying this use.[2] In more narrow terms, "phonology proper is concerned with the function, behaviour & organization of sounds as linguistic items".[1] as a language has syntax & vocabulary, it also has a phonology in the sense of a sound process. When describing the formal area of study, the term usually describes linguistic analysis either beneath the word (e.g., syllable, onset & rhyme, phoneme, articulatory gestures, articulatory feature, mora, etc.) or to units at all levels of language that are thought to structure sound for conveying linguistic meaning.

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