Sabtu, 06 November 2010

Educational Psychology

Educational psychology is the study of how humans learn in educational settings, the effectiveness of educational interventions, the psychology of teaching, & the social psychology of schools as organizations. Educational psychology is concerned with how students learn & generate, often focusing on subgroups such as gifted children & those subject to specific disabilities. Although the terms "educational psychology" & "school psychology" are often used interchangeably, researchers & theorists are likely to be identified in the US & Canada as educational psychologists, whereas practitioners in schools or school-related settings are identified as school psychologists. This distinction is however not made in the United Kingdom, where the generic term for practitioners is "educational psychologist."

Educational psychology can in part be understood through its relationship with other disciplines. It is informed primarily by psychology, bearing a relationship to that discipline analogous to the relationship between medicine & biology. Educational psychology in turn informs a variety of specialities within educational studies, including instructional design, educational expertise, curriculum development, organizational learning, special schooling & classroom management. Educational psychology both draws from & contributes to cognitive science & the learning sciences. In universities, departments of educational psychology are usually housed within faculties of schooling, possibly accounting for the dearth of representation of educational psychology content in introductory psychology textbooks

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