Sabtu, 04 Desember 2010

Teaching Reading for Children 3

Traditionally, reading aloud is often thought of as reading round the class after the other, & although plenty of kids appear to enjoy it, this type of reading aloud is not to be recommended:
  •     It gives tiny pleasure & is of tiny interest to the listeners.
  •    It encourages stumbling & mistakes in tone, emphasis & expression.
  •     It is a inefficient way to make use of your lesson time.
However, reading aloud is a useful process when used slightly differently:
  •     Reading aloud to the teacher ought to be completed individually or in small groups. The reader then has the teachers full attention.
  •     The teacher can use it as a process of training & checking rhythm & pronunciation. The teacher can read a sentence or a phrase & the class or parts of the class can read in chorus after.
  •    Reading dialogues aloud in pairs or groups is an efficient way of checking work. The pupils can help each other with words they find difficult to pronounce.
  • Silent Reading
Reading aloud can be a useful skill to have in the classroom & which teachers make nice use of, but silent reading is what remains with most people for the remainder of their lives. Put up jokes on the notice board, give your pupils massages in writing, try to give them their own books, even if it is only a sheet of paper folded over to what they are saying about their reading.
  • Building up confidence
  •     Some kids are natural readers & will need to read books as soon as they can, but you ought to spend some time building up confidence with the whole class about silent reading.
  •     Give pupils only half the story, & discuss what happens next in the father tongue.
  •     For the three too year olds who are beyond the beginner level, you may need to make use of silent reading as the beginning point for role play for the whole class or for a small group.
  • Different reading materials
Four times your pupils are on the road to reading, it is important that there is as wide an individual choice of reading materials obtainable to them as feasible.
  • Reading cards
You may need to star off with reading cards in a box or a book pocket. You may need to add questions on the back of the card. These may be questions about the story in the childs first language to start with, but in English later.
  • Handmade books
These may be different verses of a song the kids are already familiar with. Or they may be class tales written down by you. In addition to teacher made materials, you also have pupil made books, which are an essential part of any class reading corner/library.
  • Books for native speakers of the language
Kids with English as their father tongue are learning to read simultaneously as your pupils & so there is a wide choice of books obtainable.
  • Simple readers for foreign language learners
Most of the major publishing companies publish series of simple readers. Plenty of are aimed at the adult market, but there's increasingly series for more youthful learners.
  • Picture dictionaries
To start with, pupils can look at picture dictionaries in the same way as they look at picture books. Later on, they will learn to make use of them to find words, checking spelling, expand their vocabulary, etc.
  • Books with tapes
Some books for native speakers of English & some simple reader series have accompanying tapes. These can provide useful listening & reading material both for slow readers & for those who progress quickly.
  • Introducing new books
There's different ways of introducing new books to the pupils. Ideally, at the to four stage you ought to read all new books to the whole class, but there isnt usually time for this.. However, a brand spanking new book ought to not appear. You can:
a)    Show the pupils the new book & try to work out with the pupils what it might be about.
b)    Look at the cover of the book & try to work out with the pupils what it might be about.
c)    Read them an amusing or fascinating bit from of the books.
d)    Put the title of the new book on the notice board.
  • Book reviews
It is always a nice suggestion to find out what pupils thought of a book, even in the event that they stopped half way through book reviews.
a)    Help you to select the suitability of a book
b)    Give you some indication as to the progress the pupil is making.
c)    Help other pupils to select about the book.

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